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Defending the Steppingstones of Migration

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Some neotropical migratory birds fly nonstop to their wintering homes in Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Others proceed step-by-step, using patches of forests, meadows, shores and lakes to feed and rest along the way. These �steppingstones� of habitat are critical to the birds� survival. The Department of Defense helps conserve habitat that provides these steppingstones. DoD natural resources managers incorporate bird habitat conservation objectives into installation Integrated Natural Resources Management Plans, which act as blueprints for resources management. Working with its public and private partners through PIF and the North American Bird Conservation Initiative, DoD is defending these steppingstones of migration and ensuring that they are always available to neotropical migratory birds as they travel each spring and fall.